trigger point is a tight and tender spot in a muscle that refers or
communicates pain to other areas of the body. Trigger points are
found on the muscles inside our bodies and can act as "receivers" collecting
and holding the stresses and strains of daily living. Un-released trigger
points can result in pain and emotional discomfort, over time they
are the leading cause of chronic pain complaints.
Trigger points can exist in two states, either active or latent
(inactive). Active trigger points are those which cause the discomfort
you feel today. Latent trigger points wait silently in the muscle
for a future stress to activate them.
Common characteristics of un-released trigger points are increased
muscle tension and muscle shortening. Increased muscle tension is
the primary side-effect of trigger points and pain is the most common
Trigger points can also present themselves as referred patterns
of sensation such as sharp pain, dull ache, tingling, pins and needles,
hot or cold, as well they can create symptoms such as nausea, ear
ache, equilibrium disturbance or blurred vision.
Active trigger points keep the muscles tight, restricting blood
flow and compressing nerves, which perpetuates a negative type of
muscle memory or the "pain-spasm-pain" cycle in the muscles.
Untreated trigger points result in decreased flexibility which limits
physical movement and encourages poor postural patterns. Trigger
points need to be stimulated and encouraged to release tension and
If trigger points are not routinely treated, you can experience
lingering pain even after an injury has healed. This fact explains
why headaches, neck pain, and back pain can keep returning despite
expensive and time consuming medical or alternative health therapies.